Succulents have showy blooms, unique colors, rich textures, and uncommon shapes. They are perfect for completely changing the appearance of gardens and indoor spaces.
It is important to note that succulents are not from a single plant group. The term succulent refers to all plants (from diverse plant groups) that have fleshy stems and/ or leaves for water-retention.
There are thousands of different species of succulents found around the world. Some are very easy to grow, while others need maximum care and expertise to grow.
In this post, I will share with you the succulent species that are very easy to grow. This is because easy-to-grow succulents are best for individuals who do not know much about succulents.
The succulents in my list vary greatly in terms of textures, shapes, colors, and so on. Therefore, you are more likely than not to find one that you will likely whatever your succulent texture, shape or color preference is.
The Best Succulents For Beginners
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera is one of the easiest to grow succulents in the entire world. It grows easily in USDA zones ten to twelve.
The thing you will love the most about growing Aloe vera is its appearance. It looks very cute and when it blooms beautiful yellow flowers appear making it look even more attractive.
You can grow aloe either indoors or outdoors. Most people prefer growing it indoors because it doesn’t grow very tall. However, it can also do well outdoors in the garden if the soil is well-drained and the sun comes out frequently enough.
As mentioned a few moments ago, Aloe vera is one of the easiest to grow succulents. This is because it does not frequent watering or fertilizing. It can actually tolerate drought or extended periods without water. However, if you want it to thrive, you better water it at least once weekly.
The sap from this succulent’s fleshy leaves has healing properties. This is the reason why it features in so many lotions and body products.
In addition to the Aloe vera, there are many other aloe plants with different appearances that are also easy to grow.
This is a popular houseplant. It is very popular because it is easy to grow. It absolutely does not need much care. The most unique thing about this succulent is its appearance. It has quite showy rosettes.
It also has beautiful flowers that appear in winter and stay on until late spring. The flowers usually have different shapes and styles and can be either white or yellow.
While this plant is a popular indoor plant, it does not mean it does not grow outdoors. Outdoors, it can grow well in zones nine to eleven.
There are several subspecies of aeonium that are quite unique in terms of appearance and just as easy to care for as the common popular aeonium. The most unique one is Black rose aeonium. This plant has glossy and fleshy leaves that are very dark red and that form a rose-like appearance. So if you are a succulent beginner and you are looking for a unique ornamental succulent that is easy to care for, you should strongly consider it.
Crassula is a genus of succulent plants that includes many unique and stunning plants. For example, there is the Crassula ovate, which is a popular dark green jade plant. This is a plant you have probably seen in someone’s house or in the movies. It is so popular because it is so easy to grow. It does not need much attention to thrive.
Another example of a Crassula succulent is the Crassula arborescens. This is a reddish silver jade plant with leaves that are matte-finished. It is an attractive succulent that can thrive both indoors and outdoors.
The most amazing thing about Crassula is that it thrives in virtually any soil provided it is well-draining. The plant loves the sun but it can also thrive in the shadows of bigger plants. The plant also loves fertilizer but it can thrive without any.
If you intend to grow a Crassula arborescens indoors, you should get a good deep pot because it has longish roots and can grow to a maximum height of about six feet. The fact that this plant typically grows very tall is the reason why many experienced gardeners use it to direct the eye upwards when planning their gardens.
This plant, like the other two described earlier and like the rest that are included on this list, is available on Amazon.
Haworthia is also an easy-to-grow beginner succulent like the other succulents on this list. It looks very much like an Aloe plant because of its fleshy and elongated rosette.
Here are two types of Haworthia you can go for as a beginner – Haworthia fasciata and Haworthia margaritifera. The former is also referred to as the zebra plant because of the gorgeous stripes on its leaves, while the latter has leaves with a mottled looks. Both these plants can add a lot of uniqueness and character to a garden.
Between the two Haworthias, I prefer Haworthia fasciata (zebra plant). This is because it is quite a unique plant and it pairs well in containers with other plants such as sedum.
The zebra plant thrives in soil that drains very well and prefers the full sun. To make it thrive, you should add water to it the moment the soil around its roots dry. You should also apply a fertilizer during the bloom and growth periods. It loves fertilizer but it does not need it to survive.
If you live in USDA plant hardiness zones nine to eleven, you can grow the zebra plant outdoors throughout the year. If you want plant this succulent and you want it to survive winter, you should plant it in a pot and move it indoors before the first frost date.
While its name does not roll off the tongue, this succulent is very easy to grow and for this reason it is considered a beginner succulent. This plant can thrive outdoors in various plant hardiness zones (from zone seven to eleven).
Among the many succulents that belong to the Graptopetalum genus is the Graptopetalum paragugyense. This plant is also known as the ghost plant and it is one of the most attractive succulents especially when it is blooming. It is known as the ghost plant because it has a very faint pink color appearance in the sun.
This Graptopetalum and others thrive in soils that are well-drained. They do not like a lot of watering but you should not let the soil around their roots stay dry for more than a day.
When this plant is outdoors and getting maximum sunlight, it produces tiny and beautiful flowers on its stems. The flowers are both white and red. So if you think its appearance is beautiful, wait until spring and you will be blown away.
This plant looks good in hanging pots so find one, two or more hanging pots when you get it and see how much more amazing it will look in it or them.
6. Painted Echeveria
The genus Echeveria has many plants. One of its most amazing plants is the Painted Echeveria. The name of this echeveria suggests it is painted and when you look at it or see it up close, you will believe the same. It is a very colorful and attractive succulent with tri-color leaves and bright flowers.
Its rosettes look very beautiful and often measure about 5 inches in diameter. The plant readily produces offsets so if you plant it in your garden, you can confidently expect it to start producing offsets in some time and form a dense carpet.
You can plant this echeveria in USDA zones nine to twelve. You can also plant it indoors in soil that is well-draining. If you decide to plant it indoors, you should position it somewhere where it gets maximum sun daily.
Sedum aka stonecrop is a part of the genus Crassula. There are various types of sedum you can grow as a beginner. The two most common grown are Sedum spectabile and Sedum nussbaumeranum. The former is evergreen and grows to about 2 feet tall. It has appealing pink colors that appear in summer and stay until fall.
The latter, Sedum nussbaumeranum, is also known as coppertone sedum. It is a beautiful succulent that is super easy to care for. It is typically used by gardeners to add texture to their plant arrangements or displays. This is because it has unique hues and shapes.
Sedum thrives in well-drained loamy soils. It does not need a lot of watering like most succulents. However, it needs good direct sunlight to produce flowers.
Portulaca aka moss rose is a plant that needs near-zero care. This is because it can thrive even in very dry soils. It is essentially an annual so you have to start its seeds indoors late in winter so that it is ready to plant and thrive two or three weeks into spring.
The plant loves loose and draining soils and occasional watering. It should only be watered when it starts to droop.
The most exciting thing about this plant is the fact that it produces very beautiful flowers. This is the reason why many gardeners have it in their gardens.
The genus includes Senecio rowleyanus (aka string of pearls) and Senecio serpens (aka blue chalk stick). Both of these succulents can survive and thrive with minimal care. They simply need minimal water, a well-draining soil, and partial sun.
The string of pearls is best grown as a hanging plant. If you get it, you will love its cute and long-lasting flowers and its long vines.
Genus Senecio plants thrive best outdoors in plant hardiness zones nine to twelve.
Sempervivum is a favorite among rock gardeners in the U.S. living in plant hardiness zones three to six. They grow between 1 to 12 inches tall and are great succulents for both beginners and experienced gardeners.
Sempervivum tectorum also known as the hen & chicks is probably the most famous sempervivum. It quick proliferation is the reason why it is known as hen & chicks. This succulent is often grown for its beauty or for ground cover.
You now know the easiest succulents to grow. So if you are a beginner, you now have a list of succulents from which to choose one or two favorites to start your succulent-growing hobby. Some of my personal favorites include Sedum, Echeveria, and Aloe vera.