Thinking about growing your own coffee? If yes, then you will find this post very useful. Coffee is a brew enjoyed by millions and possibly billions of people around the world! Many people can not survive a day without coffee. If you also can’t survive without coffee, growing your very own coffee plants is a great idea because when they mature, they will supply you with coffee beans every season. Beans that you can use to make your own coffee.
The answer to the question, “Can you grow coffee in a greenhouse?” is yes. This is because the conditions in which coffee plants thrive – high humidity, high temperatures, and plenty of moisture – can easily be created in any decent greenhouse. Moreover, coffee plants do not require direct sunlight so they can thrive in many places across the United States and in many other countries across the globe.
Below I will share with you how exactly to create the perfect conditions to grow coffee successfully in a greenhouse.
How To Grow Coffee In A Greenhouse
1.Create The Perfect Environment For Growing Coffee
To grow coffee successfully, you need to choose a good location with all the perfect conditions for growing coffee. Since you want to grow coffee in a greenhouse, your location is set. Therefore, you have no option but to create the perfect environment for growing coffee in your greenhouse. The good news is that you can easily do this by simply providing the perfect conditions for growing coffee in your greenhouse.
Probably the most important thing you need to provide is sunlight. You need to ensure you plant your coffee where it can receive at least five hours of sunlight daily. If there is no location in your greenhouse that receives at least five hours of sunlight daily, you need to provide sunlight in the form of artificial lighting. This is because coffee cannot grow and thrive without sunlight.
The second most important thing you need to provide is warmth. Coffee thrives when there is a bit of warmth (the temperature is maintained between 15 degrees Celsius and 25 degrees Celsius). Therefore, if the average temperature in your greenhouse is less than 15 degrees Celsius, you should install a heat mat or heating cables to get it to at least 15 degrees Celsius. Preferably, you should try to maintain the temperature in your greenhouse at 20 degrees Celsius or higher.
2.Decide How To Start
To grow a coffee plant, you start using a potted coffee plant, coffee cuttings, or seeds.
You should go for a potted coffee plant if you want to grow and start harvesting coffee sooner rather than later. This is because potted coffee plants are usually already several weeks or months old. This means they are closer to maturity than coffee seeds yet to be planted. If you buy a potted coffee plant, just know that you will most likely need to eventually buy a bigger pot when it grows bigger or you will most likely need to transplant it to the ground.
You should use cuttings to grow coffee if you already grow coffee or there is a friend of yours nearby who grows coffee. This is because you can only get fresh and viable coffee plant cuttings from live coffee plants near you. The best cuttings for growing coffee are those that are about 5 inches in length and have a few budding leaves. To grow coffee cuttings, plant them in moist and well-treated soil mixed with a rooting compound.
You should use seeds to grow coffee if you have plenty of time to burn. Growing coffee from seeds often takes a lot of time because there is the germination stage and then many months of growth. To hasten the germination stage soak coffee seeds for 24 hours and then start them in a mix of vermiculite and well-draining soil. Keep watering them every day once you sow them. When they sprout transfer them to your selected in-ground location or to planting pots.
Once you have decided on how you want to start growing coffee, get what you need, and start immediately. Remember, the sooner you start, the sooner you will be enjoying coffee from your own greenhouse.
3.Take Good Care Of What Your Coffee Plant Or Plants
This is probably the most important part of this post. Because your coffee plant will only grow and mature if you take very good care of it. Taking good care of your coffee plant involves irrigating it regularly, feeding it, and pruning.
Irrigation is simply watering. Since it will never rain inside your greenhouse, you are responsible for all the water needs of your coffee plant or plants.
To ensure your greenhouse coffee plant has enough water to thrive, you should water it twice a week. During winter you should reduce watering to one time a week because the soil will not be drying very quickly.
Feeding is simply fertilizing. I have referred to it as feeding because many people do not really pay a lot of attention to fertilizing because they think it is not really necessary. Feeding is important. Because fertilizer is to plants what food is to humans.
The best fertilizer for coffee plants is citrus type fertilizer. This is especially true in the first six months and it should be applied after every 1.5 months during watering to ensure it dissolves. After the initial six months, the best fertilizer to apply is the nitrogen-type fertilizer. This is because it promotes strong growth. You should apply this second fertilizer every three weeks until the cold weather. After the cold weather, you should only apply fertilizer when necessary.
It is not a must to prune your coffee bush. This is especially true if you have a huge greenhouse. However, if your greenhouse is small or moderate, it is in your best interest to prune your coffee plant or plants to make sure they do not become too big.
You can start pruning a coffee plant from the point it is only 20 inches in size. Proper pruning involves snipping off the growing tip of each stem. This usually promotes lateral growth which will make your coffee more produce more berries when it matures.
You can also prune your coffee bush or tree extensively to encourage it to grow new branches. However, when pruning your coffee tree to encourage the growth of new branches, you should be careful not to overdo it.
You are probably very eager to sip coffee you’ve grown with your own two hands. However, you will need to be a little patient. Coffee plants often mature when they are about three years old and then start producing berries every year. Some can take as many years as six to mature. So how soon you should start enjoying coffee from your greenhouse depends on the variety you grow. Once berries turn deep red, they are ready for picking. Pick them, dry them, get out the coffee beans, grind them, and enjoy coffee from your own land.
To wrap up
You can grow coffee in a greenhouse. You just need to create the perfect conditions for coffee growing to grow coffee in a greenhouse. And you now know exactly how to do this because of the post above. Keep in mind that the best time to plant coffee was three years (they take three years to mature). The second best time is now. So waste no more time now that you know what you need to do to grow your own coffee.