One of the most commonly asked questions is how to determine the number of bricks one needs for their project and how many bricks in a pallet are? It is undoubtedly one of the most challenging parts of building a structure.
Bricks are expensive, and you don’t want to order less or more than required. Ordering too much will cost you a lot of money, and requesting too little will delay your project.
In this article, you will find how many bricks to order for your structure.
The Simple Way
The simplest way to determine the number of bricks for a particular wall is by multiplying the wall’s height and width (square meters) and multiply by 60. Add 10% of the result to the answer. This 10% accounts for wastage.
How Many Bricks in a Pallet?
You might be thinking about how many bricks in a pallet are and the number of pallets you should order. Each pallet contains 534 bricks. So, you can order the pallets accordingly.
It is the shortest answer possible, assuming standard brick and mortar sizes. For a detailed answer, keep reading.
Type of Structure
First things first, you need to determine the type of structure you will be using bricks for. Bricks can be used for many different purposes, replacing a garden fence with a brick wall or building a fireplace. The structure will determine the type of bricks as well as the quantity.
I am listing the most common wall types below:
Single Layer Thick Walls
Single-layer thick walls, also known as a half-brick thick wall’s width, are equal to a single brick’s width. Bricks are laid horizontally, and the long side of the bricks is exposed. If you are using a standard UK brick, your wall will be 65mm wide.
This type is best for creating a simple garden wall. It is advised to avoid using this type for structural purposes as they offer limited structural support. It is essential to keep your safety in mind and follow height restrictions when creating a garden wall for your beloved lawn.
As a general rule of thumb, the wall’s height shouldn’t exceed 500mm; however, it is best to take professional advice in this regard. Half-brick thick wall will have 60 bricks per square meter.
Two Layered Walls
A two-layered wall, commonly known as one brick wall, is similar in width to the brick’s long edge, which is approximately 215mm. This wall consists of two different layers; a stretcher and a header. These walls are freestanding and can be used for anything which is over 600mm in height.
This type of wall has 120 bricks per square meter. You can do the math accordingly now that you know how many bricks in a pallet are.
Pillars are vertical structures that offer additional support to the walls. The number of pillars you need depends on the size of the walls.
- Single Brick Pier will require 14 bricks per vertical meter
- One and a Half Brick Pier will require 34 bricks per vertical meter
Determine the Surface Area
Now that you have selected the type of wall you want and the number of piers/pillars, it’s time to determine the surface area. The first step is to measure your structure’s length and height, which will eventually help you choose the surface area.
Multiply the height and length of the wall to determine the area. Please do not include the piers at this point, as they are calculated separately and added in the end.
Number of Bricks Needed
Now that you have your surface area multiply the surface area by the type of wall. The result will state the number of bricks you will need per division. Use this formula:
Formula for Walls
- Formulas for walls Half-Brick thick Wall = Surface Area((square meters) x 60
- One-Brick thick Wall = Surface Area(square meters) x 120
Now is the time to add extras such as piers and 10 percent to account for wastage, as mentioned above.
Formulas for Pillars
- Single Brick Piers = Vertical Metre x 14
- One and a Half Brick Piers = Vertical Metre x 34
The formula for Brick Wastage
- Brick wastage = 10% of total quantity required
It is time to put it all together and determine the final number of bricks needed. Add the three values mentioned above, and you will get the desired number of bricks required to build a structure. It is pretty accurate.
If you still want to check in with an expert, by all means, go ahead with it. There is no harm in double-checking your calculations as it gives you immense peace of mind and prevents you from overbuying or underbuying.
Some Important Considerations to Keep in Mind
As we have covered the basics, it’s time to look at some fundamental aspects, such as brick size. A standard UK Brick measures 215 x 102.5 x 65mm. It has 10mm vertical and horizontal mortar joints. If you are going ahead with imperial bricks, you will need 57 per square meter. In the case of standard UK blocks, one needs ten blocks per square meter.
It is good to check with an expert before placing your order.
Accurate Estimations Are Essential
You can only determine the number of bricks needed accurately if you take the measurements accurately. One wrong size will end up in a disaster. You will either end up paying for multiple brick transport or delay in your project completion.
The key to avoiding wasting money lies inaccurate calculations. Based on the formulas mentioned in this article, you can easily calculate the number of bricks you’ll be needing for your project.
We hope you found this article helpful and insightful. If you have any questions, leave them down in the comments section below, and we will answer all your queries shortly.