There are many varieties of peppers across the planet. Some are hot while others are sweet. Some are small while others are large. In terms of the pepper plants themselves, they also exist in many different varieties. Some are short while others are tall.
In this post, I will share with you everything you need to know about how tall pepper plants grow. I will also share with you other important information about growing peppers.
So How Tall Do Pepper Plants Grow?
There are several types of pepper plants in terms of height. The types include tiny, small, medium, tall, and very tall pepper plants. Below are the different types of pepper plants in terms of height:
Tiny Pepper Plants
If you want to grow peppers indoors, you should definitely grow tiny pepper plants. By definition, tiny pepper plants are pepper plants that do not exceed 12 inches in height. This is what makes them perfect for indoor growing.
There are many varieties of tiny pepper plants. Examples of tiny pepper plants include Calico, Chilly Chili, Filius Blue, Ignite, Masquerade, Medusas, Ornamental Mix, Sangria, Thai, and Tiny Samoa hot peppers.
Small Pepper Plants
Small peppers are also perfect for growing indoors. By definition, small pepper plants are those that grow to a maximum height of between 12 and 24 inches. You can grow them in pots on your window sill if you want.
There are many varieties of small pepper plants. Examples include African Fish, Apache Chile, Aurora, Bahamian, Bangalore Torpedo, Beaver Dam, Caribbean Mix, Chenzo, Chinese Ornamental, Count Dracula, Explosive Ember, Goat, Habanero, Hawaiian, Ordono, Patagonia, Venezuela, and Thai Sun hot peppers.
It is my belief that most pepper plants around the world are small pepper plants.
Medium Pepper Plants
Medium pepper plants are perfect for both indoor and outdoor growing. You can literally grow them wherever you want. However, according to horticultural experts and home gardening gurus, they grow best in raised beds. By definition, medium pepper plants are those that grow to a height of between 24 and 36 inches.
There are numerous varieties of medium-sized pepper plants. Examples include Afghan, Abedul, Aci Sivri, Aji Habanero, Amazon, Ammazo, Ancho Grande, Asian Mix, Australian Lantern, Bermuda, Bhut Jolokia Ghost, Black Cayman, Black Cuban, Bubba Jalapeno, Cabai Burong, Campeon, Capsicum Annuum, and Capsicum Baccatum hot peppers.
Tall Pepper Plants
Tall pepper plants are those that should strictly be grown outdoors. This is because they grow to a significant height. Tall pepper plants are those that grow to a maximum height of between 36 and 48 inches.
Tall peppers are perfect for growing in greenhouses for maximum productivity. Examples of tall pepper plants include African Devil, Amando, Barbados, Bengal Naga, Bhut Jolokia Ghost, Camino Real, Chimayo, Costeno Amarillo, Crinkle, Cuyana, Del Diablo, Demre, El Hombre, Goat’s Weed, Gumdrop, Jalafuego, Jalapeno Goliath, Jamaican, Mareko Fana, Scotch Bonnet, Tabasco, and Thai Dragon hot peppers.
The world’s hottest peppers, the Carolina Reaper Hot Peppers, also fall into this category.
Very Tall Pepper Plants
Very tall pepper plants are very tall pepper plants. They can only be grown outdoors. In my opinion, very tall pepper plants are not appropriate for home gardens. This is because they take a lot of time to grow and they require a lot of space that home gardeners can use for things. By definition, very tall pepper plants are pepper plants that have a maximum height that is taller than 48 inches.
Examples of very tall pepper plants include Achar, Aji Brown, Ancho Gigantea, Berbere, Chilcostle, Chile Pettine, Donni Sali, Golden Greek, Cobincho, Merah, Sonora, Hanoi Market, Lisa Piquin, and Pumpkin hot peppers.
Now you know the different types of peppers based on height. Depending on the size of your garden or greenhouse, you should be able to easily decide what type of peppers to grow in terms of height.
Important information about growing peppers
Whatever type of pepper plant you have chosen to grow in your garden, the information below will help you to get a good harvest.
Timing Pepper Plants
Whatever pepper plant variety or varieties you have chosen to grow in your garden, you should make sure you start your plants early to get a good harvest. This is because most pepper plant varieties are adapted to warm and dry environments. They do not thrive in temperatures below 60 degrees F. So it is important to time your pepper plants so that they grow and mature early before wintry conditions set in.
The best way to grow your pepper plants so that they mature early before winter is to start your seeds early (about seven weeks before the last frost date). If you do this, by the end of winter you will have strong seedlings.
And you can sow the young plants several weeks into spring when the soil temperature is more favorable. In other words, what I am trying to say is that starting your seeds early means you will have young plants on their way to maturity much earlier than if you just wait for winter to end and the soil conditions outside to become favorable.
Pepper Seed Germination
To grow pepper plants, you need to germinate their seeds. Make sure you get quality growing seeds from a reputable vendor if you want your plants to be productive. Once you get quality growing seeds, the best way to germinate them is indoors in shallow (0.25 inches) soil.
And don’t use your garden soil to germinate your seeds. It may be tempting to do so but you probably won’t get the best results. Get a seed-starting mix when buying pepper seeds. The best seed-starting soil mixes are fine-textured, well-aerated, and have good drainage. They are just perfect for triggering germination.
If you are a first-time gardener, you should only germinate one pepper seed variety at a time. This is because it is easier to research and manage one pepper plant variety than two or more pepper varieties.
Once you have started your seeds about 0.25 inches below your soils, you should bring a heater close to the pots you have started them in. The purpose of doing this is to increase the temperature to at least 80 degrees F, which is the minimum temperature most pepper seeds need to germinate.
If you follow all the tips in this section, your pepper seeds will germinate in eight days or less.
While pepper seeds do not need light to germinate, they need light the moment they do so. Therefore, immediately after starting your seeds, you should look for quality grow lights.
This is because if you are seed-starting at the right time (winter), window light will not be sufficient to make your seedlings thrive. Your seedlings need exposure to full-spectrum light that you can only provide to them using quality grow lights. Make sure you get growing lights from reliable sellers on Amazon or from your local stores.
Caring For Pepper Plants
Caring for pepper plants involves ensuring they get light, water, and nutrients to thrive.
- Light. When outdoor temperatures go up a bit several weeks into spring, you should take your plants outdoors and transplant them into the ground. They will get heat and light from the sun and will continue growing naturally. If you want to grow them indoors, there is no problem. Just make sure you maintain daytime temperatures at around 70 degrees F and nighttime temperatures 60 degrees F.
- Water. In addition to light, you should make sure your young plants have enough water to survive. Since most pepper varieties are adapted to warm and dry environments, they do not need a lot of water. What this means is that you do not need to water your pepper plants frequently. Just make sure you soak their roots when they show signs of wilting. But do not waterlog or drown the roots. This can stunt the growth of your plants.
- Nutrients. Pepper plants need nutrients to survive and thrive. Therefore, you should get organic fertilizer to add to the roots of your plants regularly. This will ensure they grow and produce the fruits you want them to produce.
In addition to ensuring your pepper plants get light, water, and nutrients, you need to be on the lookout for pests and diseases. And when you notice any signs of pests or disease, you should act fast to correct the situation.
The Take-Home Message
The many different varieties of true and hybrid peppers that exist on the market grow to different heights. Some are tiny, while others are small, medium, tall, or very tall. Depending on the space you have in your home or your garden, you should a pepper variety or pepper varieties that will grow well in the space. I hope this information and the information about growing peppers will make you confident about growing peppers if you do not already grow them.